Paternity Testing - Reasons for
There are many advantages to using 4TRUTH Identity's DNA Center
Paternity Testing including: Contesting paternity, confirming paternity, establishing paternity,
concerned about inconclusive testing by another DNA lab (needing a independent second opinion test) or concerned
about a false positive report from another DNA laboratory.
Financial Support / Child Support:
Generally, when a child is born outside marriage, then paternity must be established before the father has a legal
obligation to financially support the child. The legal duty to support the child does not include rights for
an unwed father to be an active parent without legitimation.
Emotional Support and Family Ties:
Children whose paternity has been established are more likely to have an on-going relationship with their father
and his extended family than are children whose father does not acknowledge them.
Legitimation / Visitation, Parenting Time / Custody:
Generally, when a child is born outside
marriage, then child must be legitimated before the unwed father has a legal right to custody, visitation
or parenting time. The unwed father has no voice in the parenting or rearing of the child without legitimating
and the child's mother is the defacto parent. A legitimated child can inherit from their father and a legitimated
father can inherit from their child.
Social Security Benefits:
When a father has been employed and has contributed to the Social Security system, if he dies or becomes disabled,
his legally acknowledged children are entitled to receive monthly cash benefits until they reach the age of
majority (18 - 21 years old in the U.S.).
A father in the armed services may draw an extra allotment to provide a household for his dependents. His child is
also eligible for commissary privileges as well as military health care and insurance.
Children whose paternity has been established may receive benefits from such a program if their father is injured
or killed on the job.
If a father's employer provides dependent’s health care coverage, the child should be eligible for coverage under
A child who knows who his/her biological parents are, can ascertain family medical history and obtain information
about any genetically-linked family diseases. Such information can also be useful in identifying a potential organ,
tissue or bone marrow donor, if one is ever needed.
Generally speaking, children whose paternity has been established have inheritance rights when their father
Paternity Testing Possibilities:
There are three possibilities for DNA paternity test results, except in cases where twin males are the
potential alleged fathers. Make sure that you let us know when alleged fathers are closely related. e.g.
brothers, first cousins and other relationships at time of sample collection.
- Exclusion means the tested male is "not the biological father" with a scientific probability of paternity
(POP) zero percent (0.00%).
- Inclusion means the test male "could be the biological father" with a scientific probability of paternity
(POP) is 99 percent (99%) or higher. Many of our client test results for inclusion have shown (POP) 99.9999% or
higher that the tested male is the child's father. The combined paternity index in those instances were
1,000,000 million to one or higher that the tested male is the biological father of the child when compared to
an unrelated male of the same race.
- Inconclusive results - when probability of paternity test results for inclusion are less than 99%.
Some the causes for inconclusive results can be Insufficient testing, poor DNA samples, and other